Bed bugs are small insects that normally feed on blood of
warm blooded animals especially birds, humans and bats.
These small wingless insects generally inhabit birds’ nests,
bat roosts and also homes of humans. Their preferred
habitats in human homes include beds, bed mattresses, sofas
and other soft furnishing. Other places that are preferred
by bed bugs include curtains, cracks in wallpaper and
corners inside dressers among other places. Bed bugs have
also been reported in vacant house due to their ability to
survive for several months without feeding.
Adult bed bugs grow to a length of about a quarter of an
inch and are oval and flattened in shape. They are also
visible to the naked eyes. When disturbed, they normally
hide and seek shelter in dark crevices and cracks. Even
though it is believed that poor sanitation conditions
facilitate the thriving of bed bugs, they can also be found
in clean environments.
Bed Bugs Symptoms
Bed bugs normally attack and bite at night thus it may not
be easy to realize their infestation in a place. Normally,
they bite exposed area on a person’s skin such as neck,
face, arms and legs and suck blood. The bites are normally
painless thus an individual may not know that he or she has
been bitten by bed bugs. Some of the common symptoms and
signs of bed bugs include:
Several bites that occur at the same time.
Some individuals develop skin infections and scars due to
intense itching of the bite and heavy scratching of the
In some rare cases, an individual may become ill or develop
Looking for bed bugs activities can also be used to
determine bed bugs infestation. Some of the bed bugs
symptoms that will indicate bed bugs activities include:
Presence of dark brown or reddish fecal spots around their
hiding place e.g. cracks and crevices and on the bed sheets.
Presence of adult bed bugs or bed bug eggs on the
mattresses tufts, box springs, bed linen and mattresses
seams. The eggs look similar to tiny pale-poppy seeds.
Danger of Bed Bugs to Humans
Bed bugs have become a growing problem in most dwelling
places. These include public dormitories, private homes,
hotels, cruise ships, even army barracks and many crowded
living quarters. They mostly feed on the host while the host
is asleep thus it is not easy to detect them until one
develop allergic reaction to their saliva. When feeding,
they inject their saliva into the host’s skin.
Bed bugs have been shown to pose no serious danger to humans
other that disturbed sleep due to intense itching of the
bite. This is due to the fact that they bite and take blood
but they do not normally transmit any disease. They are not
capable of transferring any pathogen from one person to
another. However, studies are still on to determine if they
can act as disease carriers with some researchers
implicating bed bugs to be possible vector for Chagas
disease (American trypanosomiasis). Most of bed bugs bites
pose no danger and can only lead to allergic and asthmatic
How Bed Bugs Are Spread
Since bed bugs can inhabit many household articles such as
furniture, bedding and clothing, they plus their eggs can be
present in such items. In apartment buildings, they can
scrawl from one room to other multiple rooms. They can also
be transferred unknowingly from on place when a person puts
on an infested cloth or carry an infested suitcase, box or
other household items from one place to another.
Bed Bugs symptoms Control and Treatments
Normally, there is no required treatment for bed bugs bites.
However, topical creams and oral antihistamines can be used
in cases where the itching is severe. In cases where an
individual develop bacterial infections on the heavily
scratched bite areas, antibiotics can be used.
Control mechanisms include avoiding areas infested with bed
bugs. This should be done immediately you notice bed bugs
symptoms. Use of pesticides and other treatment should be
properly carried out immediately infestation has been
detected. Infested beddings and clothing should be bagged
and laundered at very high temperatures to destroy the bugs
as well as their eggs.